Pembroke Welsh Corgi Dog Breed
Aliases: Welsh Corgi, Corgi
|Life Span:||12-15 years|
|Litter Size:||6-8 puppies|
|Recognized By:||CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR|
|Color:||sable, red, fawn, black or tan with white markings on all colors acceptable.|
|Male Height:||10-12 inches (25-30cm)|
|Male Weight:||25-30 pounds (11-14kg)|
|Female Height:||10-12 inches (25-30cm)|
|Female Weight:||24-28 pounds (11-13kg)|
|General info courtesy of terrificpets.com. Additional information about this breed can be found on their website.|
|Living Area:||indoors or outdoors as long as climates are not too extreme|
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a very sturdy looking dog that has short but powerful legs. The long and low profile of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is unmistakable and is unique to the Corgi breeds. There is another breed of Corgi known as the Cardigan Welsh Corgi that is almost identical to the Pembroke Welsh Corgi but has a long tail, while the Pembroke variety has a very short stumpy tail.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is not a small or light dog, rather they are very square in shape and very solid. The head is proudly carried high on the neck, and the ears are very broad at the base and carried alertly pricked at all times. Ears cannot fold over or droop. The ears of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi are closer set on the head than those of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. The eyes are dark and round, very bright and alert looking. Typically the rims of the eyes are black or very dark, as is the nose. The head is wedge shaped and the muzzle is tapered. The appearance of the face of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is one of intelligence, curiosity and good humor at all times. Many people feel that this breed closely resembles a fox in the shape of the face and head. When working they almost seem to be smiling.
The chest and shoulders of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi are very strong and substantial looking, as is the long body. The ribs and chest are deep, allowing this dog to work livestock all day without needing to stop or to rest. Overall the breed is extremely athletic and the powerful back legs propel this dog quickly when running. These dogs are extremely agile and can quickly change directions or drop and roll to avoid the kicking heels and hooves of animals they are herding.
The coat of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is very thick and water resistant with a coarse outer coat and a thick, soft inner coat. They can come in many different colors including fawn, tan, sable, black and red and often there are white markings on the face, chest and legs. The coat is medium length but is naturally very clean.
The coat of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is thick, medium length and double. The outer coat is somewhat coarse and straight while the inner coat is finer and thicker. The breed has a natural water resistance that will keep the coat looking clean and free from dirt in most conditions. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is very clean and will groom itself frequently.
Both of the corgi breeds, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi originated from the Swedish Vallhunds brought to the areas around Wales in the 800s. From this known ancestors there are varying tales of how the breed actually developed. Many breeders and experts believe that the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has definite spitz ancestors that likely were introduced to the line early on in the development of the breed. Sometime in the 1100\'s Flemish weavers came to the Pembrokeshire area of Wales and brought the original Pembroke Welsh Corgis to the area. Bred with the local Swedish Vallhund descendants the breed was more completely developed. It is often reported that the short legs and stature occurred from breeding with Pomeranians, and there is somewhat of a resemblance with both this breed and the Schipperkes which may also be in the lineage.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi were not recognized as separate breeds until about seventy years ago. Prior to that both breeds were developed for their herding and watch dog abilities. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi makes an ideal herding dog and will drop and roll to avoid being kicked. They are so low to the ground that this natural movement is very graceful and allows them to change directions and move very quickly rather than stopping or backing up as larger herding breeds will do.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi became a popular dog when Queen Elizabeth the Second started breeding and raising them herself. They have been used in many commercials and advertisements both in the United Kingdom and around the world, and the breed has become very popular since its first official showing in 1926. No longer used as much as a herding dog they are considered an ideal companion dog in almost any type of setting.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is an overall happy, jolly and very loyal dog that is completely devoted to the family. They are great dogs with considerate children and love to run and romp with the family. Although they are small in height they are a big dog at heart and can handle a fair amount of rough and tumble play. They can be somewhat dominant at times but with proper training and socialization this should not be a problem with the breed.
As a breed that has been developed to herd livestock, they have a natural instinct to try to keep everything that moves in a group. As puppies they may be prone to nipping at people\'s heels to try to get them to move in the right direction. Training and firm and consistent obedience lessons will control this tendency. Overall the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is an easy breed to train and will often learn new tricks and lessons very quickly. Since they are required to work independently they are good problem solvers but tend not to be as stubborn and independent as some of the other herding breeds. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi does not do well with highly repetitive training and should be challenged with new routines and training concepts to avoid boredom.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi will be an excellent companion dog with other pets and dogs provided they have early and constant socialization. They are natural watchdogs and will bark whenever strangers or strange dogs approach so they must be trained to stop barking on command. Occasionally males can be very dog-aggressive but neutering and socialization at early ages will usually help to minimize this behavior.
Although Pembroke Welsh Corgis are very loyal and loving to their families they are somewhat aloof with strangers and will have a natural distrust of people they don\'t know. These dogs will protect the family home even against larger dogs and may need to be fenced for their own safety and protection.
Thyroid Disease - Low Risk
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi ranks #125 among all breeds for autoimmune thyroiditis prevalence. This is considered a low risk breed so your chances of obtaining a dog with the disease is small. It is still suggested that dogs meant for breeding still be tested to help bring the incidence of disease even lower (or even eliminate it).
|Rank Among Breeds||Number of Dogs Tested||Percent of Dogs With Disease|
You can download the full report (on all breeds) by the Michigan State University Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health. Here