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Saint Bernard

Saint Bernard Dog Breed

Aliases: - Saints, Noble Steeds, Saint Dogs, Alpenmastiff,

Life Span: 8-10 years
Litter Size: 2-12 puppies
Group: Mastiff/Working Group
Color: white with red markings or red with white markings. The red is in various shades and there are also often markings of brown and yellow. For show, the dog should have a white chest, white feet and the tip of the tail should be white.
Hair Length: Long
Size: Extra Large
Shedding: Moderate Shed, Heavy Shed
Male Height: typically 27 inches tall
Male Weight: 110-200 lbs
Female Height: typically 25 inches tall
Female Weight: 110-200 lbs
General info courtesy of Additional information about this breed can be found on their website.

Thyroid Disease - Medium Risk

The Saint Bernard ranks #59 among all breeds for autoimmune thyroiditis prevalence. While this is not a high risk breed, there is still a good chance of disease transmission through breeding. Therefore, all dogs intended for breeding should be tested first. 

 Rank Among Breeds  Number of Dogs Tested  Percent of Dogs With Disease
 #59  722  7.2%

You can download the full report (on all breeds) by the Michigan State University Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health. Here

Other Health Problems

In general, the Saint Bernard is quite healthy. However, they can be prone to wobblers syndrome. The correct name for this problem is cervical vertebral instability. It is common in very large, fast growing dog breeds. Wobbler Syndrome causes the dog to wobble when they walk, particularly around the back end. They may also have difficulty with their front legs which may make them take short, choppy steps. If your dog has Wobbler Syndrome, your veterinarian may recommend kennel rest for a period of time and may prescribe pain medication as well as anti-inflammatory medications.

St. Bernards are also more prone to bone cancer than many other dog breeds, and the tendency has been found to be hereditary.

St. Bernards can also be prone to hip dysplasia, another problem in large, heavy dogs. Check with your breeder to find out about either of these problems in the lineage of any Saint Bernard you're considering St. Bernards have a tendency to experience bloat. For this reason, it's better for him if you feed him two small meals each day rather than one large one.